Medical tests

It is no longer allowed to medically screen candidates before interview, but employers can request medical details to enable them to make any necessary adjustments for interview.

Employers can request a medical test once a candidate has been offered the post, subject to a medical examination. This is often confined to a questionnaire, although some organisations will also expect a one-to-one interview.

Employers should be aware they could run the risk of a discrimination claim if a job offer is withdrawn after a medical test. If medical tests are used, they must apply to all roles of a certain type, e.g. jobs that involve lifting, and not to one category of employees, such as senior management – they are more likely to be older – to avoid potential discrimination claims. If you plan to carry out any tests, candidates must be informed and the tests should not discriminate against candidates with a disability.